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GNU LESSER GENERAL PUBLIC LICENSE
Version 2.1, February 1999
Copyright (C) 1991, 1999 Free Software Foundation, Inc.
59 Temple Place, Suite 330, Boston, MA 02111-1307 USA
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the version number 2.1.]
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That's all there is to it!

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modification }}}
1. Le pr&eacute;sent contrat de licence s'applique &agrave; tout programme ou autre
ouvrage contenant un avis, appos&eacute; par le d&eacute;tenteur du droit de
propri&eacute;t&eacute;, disant qu'il peut &ecirc;tre distribu&eacute; au titre des
dispositions de la pr&eacute;sente Licence Publique G&eacute;n&eacute;rale. Ci-apr&egrave;s,
le "Programme" d&eacute;signe l'un quelconque de ces programmes ou
ouvrages, et un "ouvrage fond&eacute; sur le programme" d&eacute;signe soit le
programme, soit un ouvrage qui en d&eacute;rive au titre de la loi sur le
droit d'auteur ; plus pr&eacute;cis&eacute;ment, il s'agira d'un ouvrage
contenant le programme ou une version de ce dernier, soit mot &agrave;
mot, soit avec des modifications et/ou traduit en une autre langue
(ci-apr&egrave;s, le terme "modification" englobe, sans aucune
limitation, les traductions qui en sont faites). Chaque titulaire
de licence sera appel&eacute; "concessionnaire".
Les activit&eacute;s autres que la duplication, la distribution et la
modification ne sont pas couvertes par la pr&eacute;sente licence ; elles
n'entrent pas dans le cadre de cette derni&egrave;re. L'ex&eacute;cution du
programme n'est soumise &agrave; aucune restriction, et les r&eacute;sultats du
programme ne sont couverts que si son contenu constitue un ouvrage
fond&eacute; sur le programme (ind&eacute;pendamment du fait qu'il a &eacute;t&eacute; r&eacute;alis&eacute;
par ex&eacute;cution du programme). La v&eacute;racit&eacute; de ce qui pr&eacute;c&egrave;de d&eacute;pend
de ce que fait le programme.
2. Le concessionnaire peut dupliquer et distribuer des copies mot &agrave;
mot du code source du programme tel qu'il les re&ccedil;oit, et ce sur un
support quelconque, du moment qu'il appose, d'une mani&egrave;re
parfaitement visible et appropri&eacute;e, sur chaque exemplaire, un avis
appropri&eacute; de droits d'auteur (Copyright) et de renonciation &agrave;
garantie ; qu'il maintient intacts tous les avis qui se rapportent
&agrave; la pr&eacute;sente licence et &agrave; l'absence de toute garantie ; et qu'il
transmet &agrave; tout destinataire du programme un exemplaire de la
pr&eacute;sente licence en m&ecirc;me temps que le programme.
Le concessionnaire peut facturer l'acte physique de transfert d'un
exemplaire, et il peut, &agrave; sa discr&eacute;tion, proposer en &eacute;change d'une
r&eacute;mun&eacute;ration une protection en garantie.
3. Le concessionnaire peut modifier son ou ses exemplaires du
programme ou de toute portion de ce dernier, en formant ainsi un
ouvrage fond&eacute; sur le programme, et dupliquer et distribuer ces
modifications ou cet ouvrage selon les dispositions de la section
1 ci-dessus, du moment que le concessionnaire satisfait aussi &agrave;
toutes ces conditions :
a. Le concessionnaire doit faire en sorte que les fichiers modifi&eacute;s
portent un avis, parfaitement visible, disant que le
concessionnaire a modifi&eacute; les fichiers, avec la date de tout
changement.
b. Le concessionnaire doit faire en sorte que tout ouvrage qu'il
distribue ou publie, et qui, en totalit&eacute; ou en partie, contient le
programme ou une partie quelconque de ce dernier ou en d&eacute;rive,
soit conc&eacute;d&eacute; en bloc, &agrave; titre gracieux, &agrave; tous tiers au titre des
dispositions de la pr&eacute;sente licence.
c. Si le programme modifi&eacute; lit normalement des instructions
interactives lors de son ex&eacute;cution, le concessionnaire doit, quand
il commence l'ex&eacute;cution du programme pour une telle utilisation
interactive de la mani&egrave;re la plus usuelle, faire en sorte que ce
programme imprime ou affiche une annonce, comprenant un avis
appropri&eacute; de droits d'auteur, et un avis selon lequel il n'y a
aucune garantie (ou autrement, que le concessionnaire fournit une
garantie), et que les utilisateurs peuvent redistribuer le
programme au titre de ces dispositions, et disant &agrave; l'utilisateur
comment visualiser une copie de cette licence (exception : si le
programme par lui-m&ecirc;me est interactif mais n'imprime normalement
pas une telle annonce, l'ouvrage du concessionnaire se fondant sur
le programme n'a pas besoin d'imprimer une annonce).
Les exigences ci-dessus s'appliquent &agrave; l'ouvrage modifi&eacute; pris en bloc.
Si des sections identifiables de cet ouvrage ne d&eacute;rivent pas du
programme et peuvent &ecirc;tre consid&eacute;r&eacute;es raisonnablement comme
repr&eacute;sentant des ouvrages ind&eacute;pendants et distincts par eux-m&ecirc;mes,
alors la pr&eacute;sente licence, et ses dispositions, ne s'appliquent pas &agrave;
ces sections quand le concessionnaire les distribue sous forme
d'ouvrages distincts. Mais quand le concessionnaire distribue ces
m&ecirc;mes sections en tant qu'&eacute;l&eacute;ment d'un tout qui repr&eacute;sente un ouvrage
se fondant sur le programme, la distribution de ce tout doit se faire
conform&eacute;ment aux dispositions de la pr&eacute;sente licence, dont les
autorisations, portant sur d'autres concessionnaires, s'&eacute;tendent &agrave; la
totalit&eacute; dont il est question, et ainsi &agrave; chacune de ces parties,
ind&eacute;pendamment de celui qu'il a &eacute;crite.
Ainsi, cette section n'a pas pour but de revendiquer des droits ou de
contester vos droits sur un ouvrage enti&egrave;rement &eacute;crit par le
concessionnaire ; bien plus, l'intention est d'exercer le droit de
surveiller la distribution d'ouvrages d&eacute;riv&eacute;e ou collective se fondant
sur le programme.
De plus, un simple assemblage d'un autre ouvrage ne se fondant pas sur
le programme, avec le programme (ou avec un ouvrage se fondant sur le
programme) sur un volume d'un support de stockage ou distribution, ne
fait pas entrer l'autre ouvrage dans le cadre de la pr&eacute;sente licence.
Le concessionnaire peut dupliquer et distribuer le programme (ou un
ouvrage se fondant sur ce dernier, au titre de la Section 2), en code
objet ou sous une forme ex&eacute;cutable, au titre des dispositions des
Sections 1 et 2 ci-dessus, du moment que le concessionnaire effectue
aussi l'une des op&eacute;rations suivantes :
a. Lui joindre le code source complet correspondant, exploitable par
une machine, code qui doit &ecirc;tre distribu&eacute; au titre des Sections 1
et 2 ci-dessus sur un support couramment utilis&eacute; pour l'&eacute;change de
logiciels ; ou bien
b. Lui joindre une offre &eacute;crite, dont la validit&eacute; se prolonge pendant
au moins 3 ans, de transmettre &agrave; un tiers quelconque, pour un
montant non sup&eacute;rieur au co&ucirc;t pour le concessionnaire, de
r&eacute;alisation physique de la distribution de la source, un
exemplaire complet, exploitable par une machine, du code source
correspondant, qui devra &ecirc;tre distribu&eacute; au titre des dispositions
des Sections 1 et 2 ci-dessus sur un support couramment utilis&eacute;
pour l'&eacute;change des logiciels ; ou bien
c. Lui joindre les informations que le concessionnaire a re&ccedil;ues, pour
proposer une distribution du code source correspondant (cette
variante n'est autoris&eacute;e que pour la distribution non commerciale,
et seulement si le concessionnaire a re&ccedil;u le programme sous forme
ex&eacute;cutable ou sous forme d'un code objet, avec une telle offre,
conform&eacute;ment &agrave; l'alin&eacute;a b) ci-dessus).
Le code source d'un ouvrage repr&eacute;sente la forme pr&eacute;f&eacute;r&eacute;e de l'ouvrage
pour y effectuer des modifications. Pour un ouvrage ex&eacute;cutable, le
code source complet repr&eacute;sente la totalit&eacute; du code source pour tous
les modules qu'il contient, plus tous fichiers de d&eacute;finitions
d'interface associ&eacute;s, plus les informations en code machine pour
commander la compilation et l'installation du programme ex&eacute;cutable.
Cependant, &agrave; titre d'exceptions sp&eacute;ciales, le code source distribu&eacute;
n'a pas besoin de comprendre quoi que ce soit qui est normalement
distribu&eacute; (sous forme source ou sous forme binaire) avec les
composants principaux (compilateur, noyau de syst&egrave;me d'exploitation,
etc.) du syst&egrave;me d'exploitation sur lequel est ex&eacute;cut&eacute; le programme
ex&eacute;cutable, &agrave; moins que le composant, par lui-m&ecirc;me, soit joint au
programme ex&eacute;cutable.
Si la distribution de lex&eacute;cutable ou du code objet est r&eacute;alis&eacute;e de
telle sorte qu'elle offre d'acc&eacute;der &agrave; une copie &agrave; partir d'un lieu
d&eacute;sign&eacute;, alors le fait d'offrir un acc&egrave;s &eacute;quivalent &agrave; la duplication
du code source &agrave; partir de ce m&ecirc;me lieu s'entend comme distribution du
code source, m&ecirc;me si des tiers ne sont pas contraints de dupliquer la
source en m&ecirc;me temps que le code objet.
Le concessionnaire ne peut dupliquer, modifier, conc&eacute;der en
sous-licence ou distribuer le programme, sauf si cela est express&eacute;ment
pr&eacute;vu par les dispositions de la pr&eacute;sente licence. Toute tentative
pour autrement dupliquer, modifier, conc&eacute;der en sous-licence ou
distribuer le programme est r&eacute;p&eacute;t&eacute;e nulle, et met automatiquement fin
aux droits du concessionnaire au titre de la pr&eacute;sente licence.
Cependant, les parties qui ont re&ccedil;u des copies, ou des droits, de la
part du concessionnaire au titre de la pr&eacute;sente licence, ne verront
pas expirer leur contrat de licence, tant que ces parties agissent
d'une mani&egrave;re parfaitement conforme.
Il n'est pas exig&eacute; du concessionnaire qu'il accepte la pr&eacute;sente
licence, car il ne l'a pas sign&eacute;e. Cependant, rien d'autre n'octroie
au concessionnaire l'autorisation de modifier ou de distribuer le
programme ou ses ouvrages d&eacute;riv&eacute;s. Ces actions sont interdites par la
loi si le concessionnaire n'accepte pas la pr&eacute;sente licence. En
cons&eacute;quence, par le fait de modifier ou de distribuer le programme (ou
un ouvrage quelconque se fondant sur le programme), le concessionnaire
indique qu'il accepte la pr&eacute;sente licence, et qu'il a la volont&eacute; de se
conformer &agrave; toutes les clauses et dispositions concernant la
duplication, la distribution ou la modification du programme ou
d'ouvrages se fondant sur ce dernier.
Chaque fois que le concessionnaire redistribue le programme (ou tout
ouvrage se fondant sur le programme), le destinataire re&ccedil;oit
automatiquement une licence de l'&eacute;metteur initial de la licence, pour
dupliquer, distribuer ou modifier le programme, sous r&eacute;serve des
pr&eacute;sentes clauses et dispositions. Le concessionnaire ne peut imposer
aucune restriction plus pouss&eacute;e sur l'exercice, par le destinataire,
des droits octroy&eacute;s au titre des pr&eacute;sentes. Le concessionnaire n'a pas
pour responsabilit&eacute; d'exiger que des tiers se conforment &agrave; la pr&eacute;sente
licence.
Si, en cons&eacute;quence une d&eacute;cision de justice ou une all&eacute;gation
d'infraction au droit des brevets, ou pour toute autre raison (qui
n'est pas limit&eacute;e &agrave; des probl&egrave;mes de propri&eacute;t&eacute;s industrielles), des
conditions sont impos&eacute;es au concessionnaire (par autorit&eacute; de justice,
par convention ou autrement), qui entrent en contradiction avec les
dispositions de la pr&eacute;sente licence, elles n'exemptent pas le
concessionnaire de respecter les dispositions de la pr&eacute;sente licence.
Si le concessionnaire ne peut proc&eacute;der &agrave; la distribution de fa&ccedil;on &agrave;
satisfaire simultan&eacute;ment &agrave; ces obligations au titre de la pr&eacute;sente
licence et &agrave; toutes autres obligations pertinentes, alors, en
cons&eacute;quence de ce qui pr&eacute;c&egrave;de, le concessionnaire peut ne pas proc&eacute;der
du tout &agrave; la distribution du programme. Par exemple, si une licence de
brevet ne permettait pas une redistribution du programme, sans
redevances, par tous ceux qui re&ccedil;oivent des copies directement ou
indirectement par l'interm&eacute;diaire du concessionnaire, alors le seul
moyen par lequel le concessionnaire pourrait satisfaire tant &agrave; cette
licence de brevet qu'&agrave; la pr&eacute;sente licence, consisterait &agrave; s'abstenir
compl&egrave;tement de distribuer le programme.
Si une partie quelconque de cette section est consid&eacute;r&eacute;e comme nulle
ou non ex&eacute;cutoire dans certaines circonstances particuli&egrave;res, le reste
de cette section est r&eacute;put&eacute; s'appliquer, et la section dans son
ensemble est consid&eacute;r&eacute;e comme s'appliquant dans les autres
circonstances.
La pr&eacute;sente section n'a pas pour objet de pousser le concessionnaire &agrave;
enfreindre tous brevets ou autres revendications &agrave; droit de propri&eacute;t&eacute;,
ou encore &agrave; contester la validit&eacute; de une ou plusieurs quelconques de
ces revendications ; la pr&eacute;sente section a pour objet unique de
prot&eacute;ger l'int&eacute;grit&eacute; du syst&egrave;me de distribution des logiciels libres,
syst&egrave;me qui est mis en oeuvre par les pratiques li&eacute;es aux licences
publiques. De nombreuses personnes ont apport&eacute; une forte contribution
&agrave; la gamme &eacute;tendue des logiciels distribu&eacute;s par ce syst&egrave;me, en
comptant sur l'application syst&eacute;matique de ce syst&egrave;me ; c'est &agrave;
l'auteur/donateur de d&eacute;cider s'il a la volont&eacute; de distribuer le
logiciel par un quelconque autre syst&egrave;me, et un concessionnaire ne
peut imposer ce choix.
La pr&eacute;sente section veut rendre parfaitement claire ce que l'on pense
&ecirc;tre une cons&eacute;quence du reste de la pr&eacute;sente licence.
Si la distribution et/ou l'utilisation du Programme est restreinte
dans certains pays, sous l'effet de brevets ou d'interfaces pr&eacute;sentant
un droit d'auteur, le d&eacute;tenteur du droit d'auteur original, qui soumet
le Programme aux dispositions de la pr&eacute;sente licence, pourra ajouter
une limitation expresse de distribution g&eacute;ographique excluant ces
pays, de fa&ccedil;on que la distribution ne soit autoris&eacute;e que dans les pays
ou parmi les pays qui ne sont pas ainsi exclus. Dans ce cas, la
limitation fait partie int&eacute;grante de la pr&eacute;sente licence, comme si
elle &eacute;tait &eacute;crite dans le corps de la pr&eacute;sente licence.
La Free Software Foundation peut, de temps &agrave; autre, publier des
versions r&eacute;vis&eacute;es et/ou nouvelles du General Public License. Ces
nouvelles versions seront analogues, du point de vue de leur esprit, &agrave;
la pr&eacute;sente version, mais pourront en diff&eacute;rer dans le d&eacute;tail, pour
r&eacute;soudre de nouveaux probl&egrave;mes ou de nouvelles situations.
Chaque version re&ccedil;oit un num&eacute;ro de version qui lui est propre. Si le
programme sp&eacute;cifie un num&eacute;ro de version de la pr&eacute;sente licence, qui
s'applique &agrave; cette dernier et "&agrave; toute autre version ult&eacute;rieure", le
concessionnaire a le choix de respecter les clauses et dispositions de
cette version, ou une quelconque version ult&eacute;rieure publi&eacute;e par la
Free Software Foundation. Si le programme ne sp&eacute;cifie pas de num&eacute;ro de
version de la pr&eacute;sente licence, le concessionnaire pourra choisir une
version quelconque publi&eacute;e &agrave; tout moment par la Free Software
Foundation.
Si le concessionnaire souhaite incorporer des parties du programme
dans d'autres programmes libres dont les conditions de distribution
sont diff&eacute;rentes, il devrait &eacute;crire &agrave; l'auteur pour demander son
autorisation. Pour un logiciel soumis &agrave; droit d'auteur par la Free
Software Foundation, il devra &eacute;crire &agrave; la Free Software Foundation ;
nous faisons quelquefois des exceptions &agrave; cette r&egrave;gle. Notre d&eacute;cision
va &ecirc;tre guid&eacute;e par le double objectif de prot&eacute;ger le statut libre de
tous les d&eacute;riv&eacute;s de nos logiciels libres, et de favoriser le partage
et la r&eacute;utilisation des logiciels en g&eacute;n&eacute;ral.
{{{ ABSENCE DE GARANTIE }}}
COMME LA LICENCE DU PROGRAMME EST CONCEDEE A TITRE GRATUIT, IL N'Y
AUCUNE GARANTIE S'APPLIQUANT AU PROGRAMME, DANS LA MESURE AUTORISEE
PAR LA LOI EN VIGUEUR. SAUF MENTION CONTRAIRE ECRITE, LES DETENTEURS
DU DROIT D'AUTEUR ET/OU LES AUTRES PARTIES METTENT LE PROGRAMME A
DISPOSITON "EN L'ETAT", SANS AUCUNE GARANTIE DE QUELQUE NATURE QUE CE
SOIT, EXPRESSE OU IMPLICITE, Y COMPRIS, MAIS SANS LIMITATION, LES
GARANTIES IMPLICITES DE COMMERCIALISATION ET DE L'APTITUDE A UN OBJET
PARTICULIER. C'EST LE CONCESSIONNAIRE QUI PREND LA TOTALITE DU RISQUE
QUANT A LA QUALITE ET AUX PERFORMANCES DU PROGRAMME. SI LE PROGRAMME
SE REVELAIT DEFECTUEUX, C'EST LE CONCESSIONNAIRE QUI PRENDRAIT A SA
CHARGE LE COUT DE L'ENSEMBLE DES OPERATIONS NECESSAIRES D'ENTRETIEN,
REPARATION OU CORRECTION.
12. EN AUCUN CAS, SAUF SI LA LOI EN VIGUEUR L'EXIGE OU SI UNE
CONVENTION ECRITE EXISTE A CE SUJET, AUCUN DETENTEUR DE DROITS
D'AUTEUR, OU AUCUNE PARTIE AYANT LE POUVOIR DE MODIFIER ET/OU DE
REDISTRIBUER LE PROGRAMME CONFORMEMENT AUX AUTORISATIONS CI-DESSUS,
N'EST RESPONSABLE VIS-A-VIS DU CONCESSIONNAIRE POUR CE QUI EST DES
DOMMAGES, Y COMPRIS TOUS DOMMAGES GENERAUX, SPECIAUX, ACCIDENTELS OU
INDIRECTS, RESULTANT DE L'UTILISATION OU DU PROGRAMME OU DE
L'IMPOSSIBILITE D'UTILISER LE PROGRAMME (Y COMPRIS, MAIS SANS
LIMITATION, LA PERTE DE DONNEES, OU LE FAIT QUE DES DONNEES SONT
RENDUES IMPRECISES, OU ENCORE LES PERTES EPROUVEES PAR LE
CONCESSIONNAIRE OU PAR DES TIERS, OU ENCORE UN MANQUEMENT DU PROGRAMME
A FONCTIONNER AVEC TOUS AUTRES PROGRAMMES), MEME SI CE DETENTEUR OU
CETTE AUTRE PARTIE A ETE AVISE DE LA POSSIBILITE DE TELS DOMMAGES.
FIN DES CONDITIONS D'EXPLOITATION
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